FIRST AID: Our fast-action guide for accidents and injuries at home.

Young children love exploring and accidents are bound to happen at home. Toddlers are especially accident prone because they're constantly testing their abilities and are unable to judge dangerous situations so constant adult supervision is essential. Our practical first aid plan gives step by step advice for treating injuries and when to seek medical help.

Your child cuts himself with a knife.
Hot liquid spills onto your child's body.
Your child sticks a coat hanger into an electrical powerpoint.
Your child swallows medication.
Your child is choking on a toy part.

Your child cuts himself with a knife.

Superficial cut: wash and apply antiseptic cream. Cover with plaster.
Deeper wound. using a clean cloth, apply direct pressure for a few minutes. Clean and bandage.

When to seek medical help. If bleeding doesn't stop after five minutes of pressure or the wound is deep or gaping: if the wound is on your child's face, neck or head.

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Hot liquid spills onto your child's body.

Rinse burned area in cool water for five minutes. Apply a cold compress to the area and offer paracetamol for pain relief.

When to seek medical help. If the skin blisters, the burn is over a joint or a large area is scalded. (Cover child with a sheet to prevent hypothermia).

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Your child sticks a coat hanger into an electrical powerpoint.

Ask your doctor's advice for all injuries involving electricity. If your child looks pale or feels sick, lie her down and elevate his feet. Monitor her closely until you reach the doctor.

When to seek medical help. If she's unconscious or the shock involved water, call an ambulance immediately. Check her breathing. and pulse. Perform rescue breathing if he's not breathing Perform CPR until help arrives if there's no pulse.

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Your child swallows medication.

Check your child's mouth and remove pill fragments with a facecloth. Do not give her anything to eat or drink.

When to seek medical help. Call poison control immediately and have the medication bottle on hand so you can describe the medicine. Call an ambulance if your child is not breathing or is convulsing.

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Your child is choking on a toy part.

Perform the Heimlich manoeuvre: stand behind your child with your arms around her waist. Make a fist and use your other hand to hold it against her abdomen, just below the rib cage. Press firmly but gently, giving upward thrusts until the object is expelled.

When to seek medical help. If your child loses consciousness, have someone call an ambulance while you perform rescue breathing.

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